FTN5: FutoIn HTTP integration
Version: 0.1
Copyright: 2014 FutoIn Project (http://futoin.org)
Authors: Andrey Galkin

1. Intro

Well, as mentioned in other specs, FutoIn project was born by influence of Web technologies in scope of Enterprise solutions. So, HTTP is fundamental communication channel (besides WebSockets).

Use cases:

  1. The default integration is based on single end-point URI, which accepts HTTP POST requests in plain JSON format and responses in plain JSON format.
  2. Another integration type is when FutoIn interface, its version and function name are placed into URI's path and all parameters are placed in HTTP GET query
  3. A special case of large [binary/text] object upload is combination of #2 made with HTTP POST. Call information is coded in URI, but large data is passed through POST as is.
  4. A special case of large [binary/text] object download is when there are no result parameters. Instead, large object is sent as body of HTTP response. Can be combined with any other use case.

Note: By definition of HTTP, only uni-directional message exchange is supported with no multiplexing on communication channel level.

2. Use case auto-detection

Note: Executor must accept URI with or without trailing slash in path

2.1. Request processing steps

2.2. MIME-type

FutoIn request and response messages must have application/futoin+json MIME-type. This type must be used ONLY for actual messages in Invoker-Executor dialog. In any other case, application/json should be used for messages.

Implementation must refuse to parse JSON as request or response message, if corresponding HTTP headers do not have correct MIME-type.

Invoker should assume Use Case #4, if response MIME-Type is not application/futoin+json.

3. Misc. technical details

URI is assumed as defined in its RFC3986 or any later version.

Note: Executor must behave equally with or without trailing slash in URI path part.

3.1. Executor's end-point sub-path format

Generic format: "{end-point-URI}/{interface}/{version}/{function_name}"

Example: "https://api.example.com/futoin/some.interface.name/1.0/someFunc"

3.2. URI Query string format

Query string starts with question mark "?". Parameters are separated with ampersand sign "&".

Example: "https://api.example.com/futoin/some.interface.name/1.0/someFunc?param1=val1&param2=val2"

3.3. Rules for representing objects and arrays in query string and multi-part form data

Note: the specifications uses unreserved by URI RFC3986 character classes to avoid extra coding needed.

JSON object is a tree-like structure. Each parent node is marked as object by added dot "." as separator right after parent node name.

JSON array is marked by adding plus sign "+" right after parent node name.

The function parameters object type is implicitly assumed and leading "." is forbidden.


        "tree" : {
            "subtree" : {
                "node1" : "val1"
            "node2" : "val2",
            "array" : [
                    "node3" : "val3"

would be coded as:


3.4. Conflicts in passed parameters

In case if the same request parameter tree node is used in different contexts (as leaf, as object or as array). Executor must rise InvalidRequest.